Monday, May 25, 2020

Tattoos and Body Piercing in the Workforce - 1414 Words

Tattoos and Body Piercing in the Workforce What canvas holds some of the most creative artwork today? If you guessed the human skin, you would be right. However, about three decades ago, one would only find these types of markings and insignias on what would be considered the â€Å"rough† crowd: bikers, sailors, gang members, and prison inmates. Today; however, tattoos and piercings can be seen on nearly anyone from the age of 15 and up. Not to mention, these body modifications can be found on all types of workers, male or female, white and blue-collar. Even though times have changed and opinions along with it, the workforce is still making a firm stand to some older thoughts. Although, body art has become a more accepted form of†¦show more content†¦Then find out what the company’s dress policy consists of; that company may be kosher with tattoos and piercings. However, as stated by John, Challenger of Challenger, Gray Christmas Inc., â€Å"We may never see tattoos on bankers, lawyers, accountan ts and the clergy may be resistant to body art. As a job seeker, you have to judge whether the employer you are interviewing with is going to be accepting of your body art (Boyd, 2007).† Employers must make decisions based on what is best for his or her company. Even though the acceptance of body modification is on the rise, negative connotations still surround and stereotype this form of expression for many people in our society, specifically customers and clients. A whopping number of the public still feel negatively about seeing body art in the workplace. In fact, studies reveal, â€Å"Among the general public, perceptions about those who choose to adorn their bodies run the gamut, although the most frequently mentioned adjective are â€Å"rebellious† and â€Å"experimental,† suggested by 67% of Americans, respectively (American Demographics, 2001).† Even more amazingly, 56% simply find tattoos and body art distasteful. In 65 year-olds and older, 57% d escribe body art as â€Å"freakish and 29% of 18-24 year-olds (American Demographics, 2001). So, do not expect to see any executives showing off their tattoos in the boardroom anytime soon. Which choiceShow MoreRelatedEssay on Tattoos in the Workplace1404 Words   |  6 Pages Tattoos have been around for quite some time now, and they have always been a symbol of belonging, cultural expression or for religion. These days, individuals choose to tattoo themselves because it is part of their lifestyle or personal image. While continuing to grow in popularity and becoming a lifestyle, people are facing issues with having visible tattoos in the workforce. Although it is a form of free expression, employers have a right to enforce certain rules about tattoos in their companyRead MoreDeviance : Tattoos, Piercings, And Body Modifications1049 Words   |  5 PagesDeviance: Tattoos, Piercings, and Body Modifications Towan Cook Georgia Gwinnett College Deviant acts cannot be discussed without taking into account culture, perspective, and religion. Every culture is known for their types of expressions though tattooing, piercings, and body modification. Asian gangs such as the Yakuza are known for their full body tattoos, while African tribes can be associated with wearing rings that stretch their necks. Often, these types of tattooing and body modificationsRead MoreSociety s Opinion On The People Who Is Not Like The Rest?2663 Words   |  11 Pagesthat either has piercings unnatural hair color, tattoos or has each of them? Now what might their personalities be like; are they outgoing, rebellious, shy? Does their appearance affect the personality, or the person in general, of those people that they may know; what about society s opinion on the people who is not like the rest does that include their decision on how they think of their friend? How are the ones, who do not go by societal standards, affected by having piercings, unnat ural hairRead MoreThe World On Body Arts1223 Words   |  5 Pages The World on Body Arts Tattoos and the workforce do not get along together. Not within the topics themselves, but on the rules, that follow them. As body arts gets bigger, so does the conflict on where it belongs. There is a fine, but undefined line within body art and the work force. But it is has never been clearly stated anywhere. Both sides; such as the Debate over acceptability vs explicit free speech., always come up in the debate of the topic. There is no set law or regulations for the massRead MoreTattoos Have Been Popular Throughout Time All Over The World Essay1425 Words   |  6 PagesTattoos have been popular throughout time all over the world. Yet, rumors have it that tattoos are a modern day trend that originated in prison. Tattooing actually dates back to five thousand years ago. They have not just become some new pop culture fad. Prehistoric clans, ancient Egyptians, Native Americans, sailors, circus people, royalty, celebrities, and plenty of young adults today have all participated in s ome form of body art. Tattooing has played a significant role in mythologies and customsRead MoreThe Importance Of Body Art1998 Words   |  8 PagesAge to Egypt, Japan, China, and many other countries, the appearance of tattoos and piercings has spread and found its way throughout the world; brought to society today from culture, symbolism, and religion in ancient times. Many difficulties reside around the looks body art perceive in a place of professionalism. With body art becoming more popular the controversy of it is becoming more of a daily problem. Tattoos and piercings are a beautiful way to express opinion and cure insecurities, but if peopleRead MoreTattoos and Piercings in the Workplace2015 Words   |  9 PagesWilson 27 January 2011 English 102 Multiple Positions rough draft Prohibition of Tattoos and Piercings in the Workplace A large number of businesses do not allow tattoos that are visible. Many also prohibit piercings, other than single earrings on women. Some industries even take their policies to the extreme of not allowing any tattoos that take up more than 25% of a body part, and if a pre-existing tattoo is too large or obscene, it must be removed (Powers). This even applies if a uniformRead MoreNegative Effects Of Tattoos1473 Words   |  6 Pages Tattoos have been practised for many generations across the entire globe. We, in the Western culture, have adopted tattoos as a way to express ourselves artistically and it is quite common to possess one nowadays. As popular as tattoos have become in our western society, there are still repercussions when participating in this body modification venture. It is typical for adolescents to partake in receiving visible markings as a way to revolt against their parents or authority overall. JuvenilesRead MoreDoes Discrimination Against Body Modifications Still Exist?1955 Words   |  8 PagesAgainst Body Modifications Still Exist? Does anti-discrimination laws pertain to those with body modifications? If an employer does not have the right to deny employment to someone due to their race, religion, and gender, then why should it be OK to turn someone away just because of a small tattoo. The knowledge and potential of the employee do not cease to exist due to their self-expression through their body art. A lot of potentially good employees have been turned away because of body modifications:Read MoreBody Modification And Its Effects On Society1791 Words   |  8 Pagesthis she plans on getting a few piercings too, but she does not want people to think she is a thug. She is thinking these things because of stigma she has heard against people with body modifications. Society forms unfair biases professionally, religiously, and generally against people who choose to modify their bodies in ways seen as untraditional. First, to understand why others are uncomfortable with body modification, one should try to understand the process. Tattoos, as they vary in size and complexity

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Television and Media - Social Messages in a Coca-Cola TV...

Explicit and Implicit Social Messages in a Recent Coca-Cola Commercial Directed by feature-filmmaker Bryan Singer, Coca Cola’s most recent television ad in their â€Å"Real† campaign features Salma Hayeck in the supposed natural setting of a business meal at an upscale Hollywood restaurant[1]. While presenting many of the elements that Jib Fowles discusses in his essay â€Å"Advertising’s Fifteen Basic Appeals,† this Coke ad also portrays the duality of women in our society. The only unambiguous message of this commercial is the product it endorses: as product recognition is most important in advertising, Singer subtly creates the â€Å"Affiliation†[2] appeal. The fast-moving ad features unidentified people and†¦show more content†¦This 30-second event isolates the frantic pace of one meal, one day, or essentially any duration of time. Furthermore, the ad displays how others’ demands create our stressful schedules: Hayeck must hurriedly eat in the kitchen while her party waits for her. Her response to her time constraints is thus aggressive, as she eats a small meal and (more importantly) finishes an entire bottle of Coke (satisfying her â€Å"Craving†) in the duration of the ad. This conveys our societal standard of prioritizing our obligations to others over our attention to our needs, which any woman likely feels during the course of any day. Thus while this ad could superficially appeal to women, it reinf orces our society’s expectations of altruism and selflessness for women while encouraging them to make time to satisfy their â€Å"Craving[s].† The kitchen shots of this commercial illustrate the dual nature of the ad, as it presents both Fowles’ â€Å"Need for Autonomy† and negative aspects and stereotypes. Viewers may not question the plausibility of a woman eating in the kitchen of a classy restaurant, as this ad suggests that beautiful women can get whatever they want. This act is not entirely negative, though, as the commercial presents the women’s success at having her cake (by maintaining appearances) and eating it, too (literally). More importantly, Hayeck’s asking forShow MoreRelatedEssay about Coca Cola Marketing Report1368 Words   |  6 PagesCoca Colas mission statement is broad and impressive, including, To refresh the world, To inspire moments of optimism, and To create value and make a difference. These goals are a big part of the companys marketing campaign, which includes memorable slogans like â€Å"I’d like to buy the world a Coke†, â€Å"Have a Co ke and a Smile†, and the most recent â€Å"Open Happiness†. All of these campaigns express a broad theme in order to connect with people from all cultures and backgrounds. Coca Cola has alwaysRead MoreThe Advertisement Of Coca Cola Essay1541 Words   |  7 Pagesadvertisement is the activity or profession of producing information for promoting the sale of commercial products or services or ideas. Advertisement can be represented in an audio, visual or video form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, non-personal message to promote. Traditionally, advertisement is communicated through different way, including old media such as newspapers, magazines, television, radio and outdoor advertisement etc. In recent years, as the fast development in technologyRead MoreEffective Communication of Pepsi Co3206 Words   |  13 PagesEffective Communication Strategies of Pepsi Cola Table of Contents Executive Summery 3 Introduction 4 History 5 Effective Marketing and communication strategies of Pepsi 6 Media Commercials 6 Advantage of media commercials 6 Disadvantages of media commercials 7 Sponsorships 7 Advantages of Sponsorships 8 Disadvantages of Sponsorships 8 How to enhance the effectiveness of Sponsorship 8 Community Activities 8 Advantages of Community activities 9 Disadvantages of communityRead MoreAn Analysis on the 100th Year Tv Commercial of Coca-Cola and Its Effects on Consumer’s Buying Behavior7729 Words   |  31 PagesAN ANALYSIS ON THE 100TH YEAR TV COMMERCIAL OF COCA-COLA AND ITS EFFECTS ON CONSUMER’S BUYING BEHAVIOR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First of all we would like to show our gratefulness to the ALMIGHTY GOD who gives us the knowledge and strength to accomplish this research. To him we prayed sincerely that this research will have a positive result and will benefit anyone that will be able to read this. Second are the people who helped us to finish this Market Research especially to our parents who have alwaysRead MoreThe Ethics Of Business Ethics1349 Words   |  6 PagesThere are many subcategories that we may look into when speaking of business ethics, in this essay I will be writing about advertising ethics. Advertising is practically unavoidable in today s world, we see it in the streets, shops, magazines, television, on the internet, hear it on the radio. In this essay I will describe two ethical issues in advertising, show why business leaders need to remember to launch ethical campaigns and also have and look into some examples from the business world. Read MoreSocial Media s Impact On Public Relations1444 Words   |  6 PagesSocial media forums have had a positive impact on the Public Relations industry in the twenty first century. The massive increase in social media usage has provided a medium by which it is easier to connect with a larger audience worldwide. This has resulted in an adoption of social media strategies for many PR specialists. Sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram allow these specialists to keep up with the public’s opinions on current events as well as promote businesses or products. TheRead MoreImc Differences of Coca Cola5066 Words   |  21 Pagesfragmentation of consumer markets and media audiences; the increased use of sales promotions and public relations; the proliferation of new media and alternatives for reaching consumers, such as the internet and other digital and wireless devices; and the rapid growth and development of database marketing. New technologies such as personal video recorders (PVRs) are threatening the traditional advertising model for television and leading marketers to turn to nontraditional media such as event sponsorshipsRead MoreCoca Col Marketing And Advertising Campaigns Essay2542 Words   |  11 Pagesadvertising to learn from, who is better than Coca-Cola? This classic brand started of reminding us to â€Å"Drink Coca-Cola† since 1886 and now recently encourages everyone around the world to â€Å"Open Happiness† every day. Even though their slogans are always changing as the years go by, one thing that has remai ned constant throughout the history of Coke is the innovative marketing and advertising campaigns that have launched and re-launched the brand. Coca-Cola advertising history is filled with famous campaignsRead MoreMass Markets and Mass Production1814 Words   |  7 Pagespay for their preferred product. One of the examples of such mass markets was Coca-Cola. Around the 1880’s, Asa Griggs Candler bought the rights of Coca-Cola originally from John Pemberton. He made unique changes to its packaging and logo to attract its customers. He sold Coca-Cola through huge advertising spending to the mass audience becoming the first person to use this technique of mass marketing which made Coca-Cola one the most successful brands in the soft drinks sector. The concept of massRead MoreImc Differences of Coca Cola5066 Words   |  21 Pagesfragmentation of consumer markets and media audiences; the increased use of sales promotions and public relations; the proliferation of new media and alternatives for reaching consumers, such as the internet and other digital and wireless devices; and the rapid growth and development of database marketing. New technologies such as personal video recorders (PVRs) are threatening the traditional advertising model for television and leading marketers to turn to nontraditional media such as event sponsorships

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Increase Public Safety And Prevent Unnecessary Risks...

The purpose of this proposal is to increase public safety and prevent unnecessary risks behind the wheel while operating a motor vehicle. Drivers have a duty to themselves and to the public to operate their vehicles in a safe manner free from distraction. The safest way to ensure against distraction and preserve everyone’s well-being is to abstain from all cell phone usage including dialing, talking, or texting while operating a vehicle. According to the National Safety Council, motor vehicle crashes are the top two leading causes of injury death for everyone from the age of one to over age sixty-five and the number one cause of work-related deaths. On average approximately 38,000 people are killed in automobile accidents every year. This does not account for serious injuries that permanently disable. A major cause of crashes and fatalities is driver distraction. Driver distraction is now a leading cause of accidents ranking as high as alcohol and speed related accidents. Tw enty-one percent of driver-distracted accidents are related to talking on cell phones and three percent account for texting. Since 1996, cell phone use has grown from 14 percent to 102.4 percent in 2011 in the United States (NSC, 2012). Other studies have concluded that there has been an increase in distracted driver accidents resulting in injury or fatalities since 2002. One of the main culprits is cell phone usage while driving. Using a cell phone while driving quadruples the chance of an accidentShow MoreRelatedResearch Investigation Into Cycling Safety3836 Words   |  16 PagesSection 1.0 - Introduction This report will begin to research thoroughly into cycling safety, looking at all aspects of the issues, such as accident rates, death rates and the individuals involved. The report will show evidence of many accidents which occur to people cycling around, either commuting to work, enjoying a leisurely ride or simply getting from A to B. To fully understand the problems at stake, the research to be taken throughout this report will be very detailed and thorough. The typesRead MoreMercedes Benz Operations Management5823 Words   |  24 Pagesone of the best leaders in automobiles brands. The Daimler AG brand aims to deliver services, value and premium quality to its customers. The company has 14 sub-companies that produce cars, vans, trucks, and financial services. It has more than 100 vehicle models in over 200 countries worldwide, offering high quality products is the company’s strategy and goal. Daimler Mercedes-Benz cars have sold 1,565,563 million unit with revenues of ov er 64,307 million euros; with over 274,000 thousand employeesRead MoreToyota Supply Chain78751 Words   |  316 PagesToyota to run its supply chain. I submit that reading about Toyota Way and TPS is only a starting point for really learning the innovativeness and effectiveness of Toyota’s operations. The current book completes the picture. vii viii Foreword While TPS is the central theme of how Toyota runs its factories, the scope of supply chain management is much greater. It spans suppliers to Toyota as well as possibly the suppliers’ suppliers, the distribution channel, the dealers, and ultimately, the consumersRead MoreManaging the International Value Chain in the Automotive Industry60457 Words   |  242 Pagesandthisaffectseverythingfromproductuse,pricinganddevelopmentpotentialto distributionandcommunicationschannels. StefanieSohm Project manager 6 Today,thechallengeforacompanycompeting ontheinternationalstageistoadjustquicklyto localcircumstanceswhilesimultaneouslyintegratingitsdivisionsandsitesworldwide,based onidenticalprinciplesandasharedunderstandingofthecompany’spurposeandobjectives. Integratingthevarioussitesintocorporate strategy,acrossnationalanddivisionalboundariesRead MoreProject Managment Case Studies214937 Words   |  860 PagesPublisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, e-mail: Limit of LiabilityDisclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantabilityRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 Pagespractice for the arena of business to come. NEW TO THIS EDITION In contrast to the early editions, which examined only notable mistakes, and based on your favorable comments about recent editions, I have again included some well-known successes. While mistakes provide valuable learning insights, we can also learn from successes and find nuggets by comparing the unsuccessful with the successful. With the addition of Google and Starbucks, we have moved Entrepreneurial Adventures up to the frontRead MoreBrand Building Blocks96400 Words   |  386 Pages A decade ago, private-label brands were largely limited to low-quality, low-price products unsupported by effective packaging or marketing. Given these characteristics, they enjoyed only temporary sales spurts during recessionary times. No more. While still offering so-called price brands, retailers are also increasingly offering private label brands at the high end of the business. Such brands are competitive with national brands in quality and marketing support but have substantial cost advantagesRead MoreIntroduction to Materials Management169665 Words   |  679 Pagesthe Library of This page intentionally left blank From the Library of Girro From the Library of CONTENTS From the Library of Girro CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Materials Management 1 Introduction 1 Operating Environment 2 The Supply Chain Concept 5 What Is Materials Management? 10 Supply Chain Metrics 15 Summary 17 Key Terms 17 Questions 17 Problems 18 CHAPTER 2 Production Planning System 20 Introduction 20 Manufacturing Planning and ControlRead More1000 Word Essay85965 Words   |  344 PagesEO - Equal Opportunity ................................ 44 AFAP - Army Family Action Plan .......................... 48 ARC - Army Red Cross ................................. 50 Army Reenlistment / Retention Program ...................... 51 Army Safety Program .................................. 53 Army Sponsorship Program .............................. 55 QOLP - Army Quality of Life Program ....................... 56 BOSS - Better Opportunities for Single Soldiers ................. 57 CHAMPUS /Read MoreThe Government and Not-For-Profit Environment100975 Words   |  404 Pagesdemand for goods and services. d) The mission of the entity will determine the goods or services provided. 4. The most significant financial document provided by a governmental entity is the a) The balance sheet. b) The operating statement. c) The operating budget. d) The cash flow statement. 5. Which of the following statements is true? a) Governments may engage in activities similar to activities engaged in by for-profit entities. b) There are a limited number of different

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Teen Employment Essay Example For Students

Teen Employment Essay To Work or Not To WorkAccording to more teens are working today then ever. In 1980one out of every ten teens was working part time, and 1 out 20 teens was workingfull-time. Today those numbers have went down more than half. One out of every fourteens work part time, and one out of every ten teens work full-time. In a recent survey of 100 working teens 60 % started working on their own and40% were forced to work by their parents.( I was in 8th grade my father always said to get a job, saidFreshmen Jon Butler, Then he stopped giving me spending money.Butler works in landscaping in the summer months, and snow removal in thewinter months. Butler has been working for 2 years and he likes his job. In thisday and age, having money helps a lot, especially for teens, said Butler. His father forced him to work by not giving him any money, For about 2weeks I was flat broke until I got my job, said Butler. Jon Werse, a manager at Wendys in Middletown, found that the teens thatstate their parents made them get a job in the interview, quit with-in twoweeks. I dont like hiring teenagers. Theyre unreliable and many arerebellious, said Werse. Some teens choose to work for themselves. The luxuries in life arentfree, said Matt Christiani, Thats why I started working.Christiani works in the Hazlet Multi-Plex, he rips tickets and cleans thetheaters floors after a showing. Matt Christiani has been working for six months at his new job. Workingnot only gets money, I meet great girls while working too, said Christiani. His friends were at the movies, but Christiani was at the movies too, justbusy at work, Ripping tickets and cleaning up the theatre. It was a job, Christiani said, that my friends would not becaught dead doing.It gets me money, but its better then a fast-food place, saidChristiani, in his blue multi-plex jacket. With so many jobs going begging, young people are turning up their noses atjobs at fast-food restaurants. In the teen-age work world, holding a job deemeduncool can risk a social barrier. In a recent survey the top jobs for a teen were clear, with places likeStarbucks or Gap at the top, and places like McDonalds and Burger King at thebottom. Jay Grey, 18, a senior., summed up the recent attitude among suburbanteen-agers: You dont want to work with food, he said. Everybody knows that, I would never work at a McDonalds.Michael Wood, a vice president of Teen-age Research Unlimited, said the ideathat all work was respectable, even decent, had taken a beating. The term `flipping burgers has entered the popular culture to mean thelowest kind of unskilled work, Wood said. And teen- agers are awareof all the negative connotations that go with it.About 28 percent of all teen-agers in the United States said they earn moneyfrom part-time jobs, according to Wood. Today it is obvious that young people have become much more selective in thekinds of jobs theyre willing to take. Category: Business

Thursday, April 9, 2020

These Dark Satanic Mills Essay Example

These Dark Satanic Mills Essay In William Greider’s article These Dark Satanic Mills, the central story being tackled is the increasing complications the world is facing, seemingly tantamount to all the advances mankind has inflicted upon itself. And from a broader perspective, the much larger issues to which the article relates are the striking ironies that permeate almost all facets of everyday human life. The central story is the fallacy and absolute phoniness of the word globalization and the folly of global civilization. Stating an example from the article itself, for instance, the utmost concern for their children and the safety of their toys of virtually all parents in the world possesses an underlying irony – little do they know that the manufacturers of those toys they suspect the safety of face even more grave hazards, and it need not be elaborated where the factories are and how young the workers are, in the most depressed nations of the world where child labor is somewhat perceived as the most natural thing (Greider 329). This is an example of the sheer irony aggravated by subtle ignorance which penetrates all corners of the world today. The turning of a blind eye on the real underlying reasons behind apparently benevolent things comprise the entirety of the central story of the article, and this flaw can be easily translated into more understandable word, and one of t hose words is hypocrisy, hypocrisy both of the governments and of the peoples. It is as if globalization does not work the way mankind had envisioned it a century ago. This is so because of the implications of the utter ambitions of nations and the world’s populace to make the world a smaller place, a global community where all differences of people can be changed; but was exacerbated because of the miscalculation of the probable consequences and the hastening of the process. We will write a custom essay sample on These Dark Satanic Mills specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on These Dark Satanic Mills specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on These Dark Satanic Mills specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The larger issue is the backpedaling progress of the world as a result of the decline in morality and the simultaneous plunging of regard for the essence of life. If only mankind had anticipated the maladies of today, then technology, capitalism, politics and economics would not be as advanced to the extent that nowadays they create chaos more than they inject goodwill and benevolence; but the opposite had already occurred. If only man had not been so blessed with so much genius then life today is modern but not that complicated. And upon this comes the issue of the nature of man; in spite of his genius, there still are people who are blessed with the eerie ability to propagate evil and make blossom the ills of the world. Lest man has forgotten, great responsibility comes with great power, and by that adage, it need not be disputed that man carries the sole responsibility for the implications of his creations. If only man was innately good, then these problems would not have risen. B ut that is the main irresolvable malady: the enemy of man is himself and the bitterest adversaries of his morality are his greed and his insatiability, all the facets of amorality. If this can not be evaded, the world indeed is a giant satanic mill, so to speak. Unless man sees even at least the tip of the tail of his adversary, which is the evil side of himself, this misfortune in which the world is immersed would go on perpetually and be only aggravated by the further advancement of the quality of human life. One of the insinuations of Greider’s in one of his transcribed cases is the global boycott of a particular venture (Greider 334). On a larger scale, yes, that is definitely true, for no number of economic, political and moral policies could ever live up to those function unless those creating them do not look at themselves and ask whether they are for the good of the people, nothing more and nothing less.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Controversy Surrounding Animal Testing in the Cosmetic Industry The WritePass Journal

Controversy Surrounding Animal Testing in the Cosmetic Industry Abstract Controversy Surrounding Animal Testing in the Cosmetic Industry , pp. 1) utilizes the qualitative post positivism approach in order to evaluate a large number of subjects to the Draize eye test.   This form of analysis employed a large number of animals in the quest to determine the influence of external irritants on the eye. The utilization of qualitative data and surveys enabled a quality assessment of conditions that illustrates the full range of potential. The need to expose a large number of subjects to chemicals in order to achieve credible results was rewarded with substantial steps forward in the industry (Loprieno1992, pp. 809).   The utilization of the scientific method, in close proximity with the subjects, in order to create empirical evidence, coupled with experience is a viable practice when facing large numbers of potential subjects. The area of animal testing, in every form, is credited with allowing major advances in the production of medicines and cosmetics (Marzulli and Maibach 1983, pp. 281).   With a proven value that enables the ability to combat skin disease in both the human and animal kingdom, the justification for the methodology is argued to lie in the medical advances. Further supporting the benefits of the practice of quantitative studies, Bronaugh and Maibach (1999, pp. 167) point to the demonstrative aspects of the results which assist in determining the end parameters of the research. The converse ethical argument points to the unreliability of many of the test results to the large difference between species (PETA 2013, pp. 2). Both the qualitative and the quantitative approach have been utilized in an applicable manner, yet, the most relevant form for a well-balanced study of the animal testing in the cosmetic industry would be found in the qualitative mixed Post Positivist approach, as employed by Wilhemus (2013, pp. 1) and Degrazia (1996, pp. 72).   This method allows the production of empirical data via the questionnaires, alongside the addition of personal experience which will be essential in the study of the animal testing in cosmetics industry. The potential for large sample groups during the examination will be addressed in the approach, thereby adding to the value and potential of the application. Research Strategy In order to achieve the goal of this study and develop a fundamental understanding of the role of the controversy that surrounds animal testing in the cosmetic industry, a qualitative approach utilizing a questionnaire structure together with industry review was determined to be appropriate (Yin 2003, pp. 16). Yin (2003, pp. 16) argues that the use reliable elements in any given analysis adds to the overall substance of the results.   This approach will provide the foundation for an inclusive well rounded study. Studies that utilize empirical research advance due to theory and logical inquiry that are developed alongside each another (Yin 2003, pp. 15). Data Collection Data for this study will be collected the through questionaries’ and case studies in a qualitative approach we (Yin 2003, pp. 16). This method allows for a perception of balance in the results. Data Analysis It is vital to efficiently decode, interpret and examine qualitative research findings (Pope, Ziebland and Mays 2000, pp. 20). Reliability, Validity, and Generalizability Reliability and validity are argued to be one of the most critical aspects of data analysis and collection during research (Miles and Huberman 1994, pp. 23). The credibility of quantitative results is in the associated reliability of the data and methods as well as the underlying findings. Silverman (2006, pp. 21) illustrates that reliability can be created when respondents fully understand the question. This must be present in order so that the responses can be coded correctly. Codification is achieved by formulating questions as directly as possible, avoiding any obvious forms of ambiguity (Silverman, 2006, pp. 23). Before starting each questionnaire a brief explanation of the research as well as its themes are given to the interviewees. This facet enables interviewees to understand the exact meaning of the questions which were asked.   In each instance the subjects should be informed with the same information and starting point for the discussion, this serves to putting each person at ease (Silverman 2006, pp. 24). The potential method in which to achieve validity is through the comparison of different kinds of data, this is referred to as triangulation (Silverman 2006, pp. 25). This approach illustrates that the results have demonstrated that triangulation helps to assure the truth status of each person. The truth status was further cemented by assuring that the personal information, alongside information about the interviewees firm would be treated confidentially. Finally, the findings are promised to be reported anonymously. This anonymous strategy was applied because anonymity is presumed to improve the content of truth of the interviewees’ responses (Silverman 2006, pp. 25). Ethical Issues Ethical issues should be clearly and directly addressed in order to alleviate potential issues (Yin 2003, pp. 17). Research Limitations The primary limitation to this study stems from the methodology utilized.   Qualtitative studies often are subject to a large amount of variables that have the potential to alter the results (Creswell 2003, pp. 53). The answers to the questionaries’ are often dependent of the background of the person being interviewed (Creswell 2003, pp. 51). This fact tempers the final results of the study. References Anderson, M. 2006.  Tasks and techniques. New York: Nova Science Publishers. Bronaugh, R. and Maibach, H. 1999.  Percutaneous absorption. New York: Dekker. Creswell, J. 2003.  Research design. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. Degrazia, D. 1996.  Taking animals seriously. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2013.  Ban on animal testing European Commission. [online] Available at: [Accessed: 8 Aug 2013]. Kimmel, A. 2007.  Ethical issues in behavioral research. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub.. King, G., Keohane, R. and Verba, S. 1994.  Designing social inquiry. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Marzulli, F. and Maibach, H. 1983.  Dermatotoxicology. Washington: Hemisphere Pub. Corp.. Miles, M., Huberman, A., Hlady Rispal, M. and Bonniol, J. 2003.  Analyse des donnà ©es qualitatives. Bruxelles: De Boeck università ©. Miller, N. 1985. The value of Behavioral Research on Animals.  Teh Rockefeller University, 40 (4), pp. 423-440. 2013..  Cosmetics and Household-Product Animal Testing. [online] Available at: [Accessed: 8 Aug 2013]. Pope, C., Ziebland, S., Mays, N. 2000. Analysing qualitative data. BMJ, 320(7227), 114-116. doi: 10.1136/bmj.320.7227.114 Silverman, D. 2006. Interpreting Qualitative Data (3 ed.). Oxford: The Alden Press. Yin, R. 2003.  Case study research. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications. Questionnaire: Controversy around animal testing and experimentation in the cosmetics industry Is animal testing in the field of cosmetics beneficial? Should animals be subject to death in order to determine the level of toxicity in proposed cosmetics product? Yes No. Should skin irritation testing be tested on mice if the animal in question will not feel any ill effects? Yes. No. Would you employ alternative methods over live animals in the cosmetics industry? Yes. No. Should the test animal be restrained during a testing? Yes. No. Is it allowable for a product to not be tested prior to market entry? Yes. No. If a test on a non-animal subject is considered inconclusive, should a live animal test be utilized? Yes. No. Is the European ban on animal testing a positive step? Yes. No. Should international companies that utilize animal testing be able to sell products in markets that ban the practice? Yes. No. Given the long history of animal testing, do you think that the practice has served to keep the general public safe? Yes. No. Is the potential for medical advances a good enough reason to use animals in testing? Yes. No. Does the prospect of an animal’s death stop you from allowing it to be used in the cosmetic industry? Yes. No. Can advances in technology fully replace the animal in the laboratory? Yes. No. Given the lack of similarity between subjects do you believe the results of animal testing are worth the process? Yes. No. What is your ethical and moral position on the practice of animal testing in the cosmetic industry? What are the primary benefits that are attributed to the practice of animal testing in the cosmetics industry? What are the primary detriments to the practice of animal testing in the cosmetic industry? What do you believe the future holds for the practice of animal testing in the cosmetics industry? Do you believe that animal testing has been beneficial for the animals standard of life? Is the practice of animal testing weakening the ability of the animal to survive?

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Relationship between China and the United States Case Study

Relationship between China and the United States - Case Study Example And whatever the answer to these would surely rock the world. The relationship of the People's Republic of China (PRC) - to differentiate it from Imperial China to the China transformed by Mao Tse-Tung in 1949 - and the United States started bitterly, brought about by two diametrically opposed ideologies that each espouses: the United States, being the indefatigable monument of imperialism, and China, being the staunch ally of communist Russia. The world then was equatorially divided between imperialism in the west and communism in the east. And no one ever conceived that this demarcation would ever be radically altered. During this period (1949-1970) both nations regarded each other as intransigent enemies. The United States refused to acknowledge the PRC and denied China of its legitimacy being a nation by totally isolating it from the diplomatic community: it excluded China from the United Nations; it banned any trading with China; it fanned anti-communism and supported separatist movement within China (as what it did with USSR after the cold war) to divide the strong China; and it rallied South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and South Vietnam into a 'crescent-shaped alignment against communism', immediately communist China (Han-Yin Chang, 2000, p.62); that any ally having any diplomatic relations with China warrants the wrath of the powerful US. The U.S. depicted China to the world as repressive, fascistic, dictatorial, denying individual freedom that any one living in a democratic country, like America, enjoys. China on the other hand, side by side with Russia, was a front liner in the united front against US imperialism, all-out supporting national movements that decry U.S. colonialism. It was instrumental in the liberation of North Korea and North Vietnam. China portrayed the U.S. to the Chinese people and to the U.S. colonies, especially in Southeast Asia, that Uncle Sam - a derogatory depiction of the U.S. mocking it as an arrogant self-declared semi-god out to exploit nation's wealth and resources in the guise of benevolence - is nothing but a despotic aggressor, that would like to impose its hegemony over the peoples of the world. It perceived, and made all in its realm perceive, too, any U.S. action as an act of calculated subjugation and total exploitation. This marked anti-American sentiment lingers on among Chinese people until today. Such was the very hostile relationship of these two powerful nations that no peaceful gesture could lessen the tension, instead, if there was any, could have been interpreted as a mere ploy to thwart the other; that peaceful co-existence was unacceptable, because only one should rule the world. Each one representing the two contrasting ideologies, offered itself as the best social system to rule the world, both promising prosperity and humanization of society. Who could ever think that this would change' No one ever did, not even in any of these